What does means PU leather?
PU leather is simply artificial leather. It was created to look and feel like leather but without having to use real animal skin. PU stands for polyurethane, an artificial leather created using split leather overlaid with a polyurethane coating. Generally, it is used in apparel and furniture.
PU leather is also known as Faux Leather or Vegan Leather. The artificial leather is an excellent substitute for the original leather, which has a higher cost and is not easily afforded by everyone.
PU leather fabric is made by applying or laminating a 100% polyurethane finish to a base material. Typical base materials include polyester, cotton, nylon, or rayon. A roller applies an artificial grain pattern to the surface to imitate the look of genuine leather. The artificial grain is typically uniform.
Polyurethane leather typically has the same general feel of leather, but it is typically a little lighter than genuine leather. Polyurethane is not quite as durable as real leather and tends to tear more easily, though it also does not crack or fade when exposed to sunlight as some real leathers can. This is why it is frequently used for automobiles.
Polyurethane leather can also be produced in a wider variety of colors, patterns, and styles than real leather can. It is also easy to apply a glossy finish to it. In terms of maintenance, PU leather rarely requires much maintenance and can usually just be wiped down with a damp rag.
Polyurethane leather may have some environmental benefits over real leather. PU leather obviously does not require animals to create, and unlike real leather, it does not need to be tanned. The tanning of leather can create considerable pollution from the chemicals used to create it, such as chromium and ammonia. On the other hand, PU leather is not as biodegradable as real leather.
In contrast to real leather, PU leather is not as breathable. It is more breathable than other types of synthetic leather, such as PVC, however. PU leather tends to be substantially cheaper than real leather.
You can usually distinguish PU leather from genuine leather by checking either the price or the label. The price will usually be much cheaper on PU leather items, and if the item has a label on it, it may say PU or Polyurethane. A close look at the item may also reveal if the leather is genuine or artificial, as the pores of the animal’s skin are only present on real leather. Try smelling the leather item, if there’s a distinct plastic-y smell, it is probably PU leather.
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